Medicinal Plants Sold in Markets in Abeokuta, Nigeria
MacDonald Idu*, Joseph O Erhabor and Harriet M
Department of Plant Biology and Biotechnology,
University of Benin, PMB II54, Benin City, Nigeria
Received: 23 December
accepted: 24 March 2010
Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, April 2010;
To document the medicinal values, local names, method of
preparation, dosage forms and parts of common medicinal
plants sold in some markets in Abeokuta, Nigeria.
Ethnobotanical data were collected by oral interview and
with the aid of a structured questionnaire administered
to men, women and young girls. The data from
respondents from the five local markets surveyed were
The results show that a total of 60 medicinal plant
species are commonly used by the people of Abeokuta in
their traditional health care system. Most of the plant
materials were in dried form and sold singly or in
combination with other plants and are used in the
treatment of various ailments such as malaria,
hypertension, typhoid, jaundice, hyperthermia, skin
irritations, dysentery, anaemia, gonorrhea, cough,
measles and fibroid. A majority of the plants were
trees. The respondents were women (64.3 %), young girls
(28.5 %) and men (7.14 %).
The findings support the need to encourage domestication
and cultivation of medicinal plants as well as put in
place conservation measures to ensure sustainable source
of medicinal plants.
Ethnomedicine; Medicinal plants cultivation;
Documentation; Traditional medicine.